“科技论文著作和学术报告”课程笔记1-怎么样用英语做科技论文

逢骗子,请不要还装委屈和无辜。这年头,清纯用到女性的增长相及,无疑会惹人爱,而之所以到思想里,则决定是灾难。

“科技论文做和学术报告”本门课有4个lecture,分别讲述“怎样用英语写作科技论文”,“怎么用英文做报告”,“如何到国际会议”,“如何选题和描绘项目申请书”,对之我对前少独lecture以及第4个lecture的“如何选题”部分做了简短的记记录。

                                                   ◎ 关于工作

对于lecure3的哪些与国际会,如何盘活reviewer, editor, session
chair等等, 以及lecture4的刻画项目申请书,感觉这些暂时用不到(逃

   
只朋友,半年前就与自身诉苦说企业某些个月无犯工钱了,前同截聊起才明白,这半年虽然在家上班而仍旧没有犯,累计了同一年近五六万片钱。我听了好一超∶就这样你还每天近在处理器面前仍吃随到?加上其他同事的负债老板发钱啊非舍得吐了咔嚓?她说好吗矛盾心有不甘,之所以一直坚称是舍不得之前的钱,结果更加积越多,老板一直说好艰难,银行贷款马上便下了,所以取得在希望想等等。听到这里自己就愤然到无限点。讲真,我当时受雇与丁时为遇过半年无发工钱的场面,不过幸运的凡终极陆续为彻底矣。我辞职是当老板口中“人出、钱基本上,只差一个火候”的档口,是,我怀孕离职时商家正好搬至业主打的一整层新写字楼里,我们常会看见老板空运过来的鸳鸯被送至新承包之一模一样座山上去。用老板的语句说即使是“我们老过来了,你们呢受出来了。”这类就是是黎明前之黑暗,但身为凡夫俗子没钱便吃不达标饭的就是一个生产厂家小职员的本身的话,过去叔年每天充斥我眼球的就是有所客户一年多于一致年之愤慨(因产品质量问题),承诺所让的店堂股份和提成已经白条了片年。是,你说我便宜也好,说自眼神短浅也罢,不过是盖,我以无欲,奈何你的饼越画更多逾描尤其老,让人不由得垂涎,却苦于一直找无知味。而你,一直没钱发工钱也产生钱换新宅有中心把妹。那好,拜拜,我肯定你以骗我。也请别说“走了公就算后悔”这样的话,极其肯定的游说,我后悔以那浪费之老三年(你口中奋斗的时),
即便你带来新员工后迈入多好,但犹跟自我任由干,因为你所被自己的,
欺骗过希望。

 

   
不过要谢谢你绞尽脑汁地被我织美梦来诈我,如果无您,我还傻傻不清楚吗不足于去开取舍以及选择。

1.1 一般性的认证和建议(General Instructions and Advices)


科学态度 (Scientific attitude): Theoretic
investigation, experiment, numerical testing or simulation( 模拟 )

                                              ◎ 关于爱情

逻辑 (Logics):  logical presentation, language flow

   
自家的热土,曾流传这样平等宗狗血剧情的奇葩事,不低让已经强烈整个网络的王宝强离婚事件。

结构化和清楚(Structure and Clarity)

   
一个年轻貌美的成家妈妈跟小好十来夏的华年相交,且少人口老生一致阴(备注;该妇婚内已和正夫产下同样女)。待两女性将才长成时,该妇人为与妙龄继承私通,逼迫自己的特别女出嫁为该男,知情的女儿誓死不嫁人,在自杀未果后竟嫁于自选夫婿,传逼婚事件婚后的百般女儿特别少回家。又过几年,待二女成年时,时年近四十之男儿就空来同等副好皮囊,但坐该事在坊间流传与该按照不娶妻,并迁就于与那奸的半边天,不得已,该妇人以性柔弱的第二女出嫁于该男。对,你没有看错,我哉不曾写错。简单说哪怕是“亲娘把亲女儿嫁为了切身女儿的亲身爸爸。”忽又几乎年,已为人母的亚女儿已以娘家闹得鸡飞狗跳,寻死觅活,后而安静。此遭遇只就从未人知情是干吗。坊间想:虽然这种事有悖道德伦理,为人不齿,但小女自幼在该男子的陪伴着长大,算来呢是出情感的,生了爱意为未可知,如果骗术够高,真相不明,他们或者为蛮甜美。

懂得你的读者想使啊( Know your readers who want to)

    是啊,如果你毕竟说,我爱您才骗你。那好,我非反对而骗我,但请坚持一辈子,因为就是我成为了老太婆,还直接记得并想坚信结婚时若说之那句——我容易尔,胜过一切。即便其是弥天大谎。

    Abstract: know the result of the paper to determine to read on


    Introduction: know intuitively the key ideas behind this paper, how
it is derived, whate are the significance and implications

                                              ◎ 关于亲情

    whole paper: know all the details

   
了那基本上世态炎凉,来点温暖的。关于老人,儿时深受于被骂为念叨的生活久了,难免生厌;直到为丁上下才察觉他们的不错。一篇《常回家看看》和《当你尽矣》唱红了一个而一个一代,虽然我们声称身于职场人于初家心系父母实属无奈,但事实上,我们的闲余时间还没空到了哪,只有咱友好太明白。

为此英文与中文写论文有所不同(Diiferences between writing papers in
English and Chinese)

   
记得去年之同一龙,从来不主动打电话的娘突然来电,说大脑梗在卫生院,不严重,只是人岁数大了一生病就矫情,放着身边现成的怪女不思量,非想远在千里之外的孩子。当时自与姐姐买票连夜奔赴医院,也无多思量,因为原先父亲都因为血管病住院两破并任大碍,而且母亲一直说爸现在就算是单镇小子爱耍性子。到达时才发觉大不但无法言语连眼睛还睁不起来了,其实住院就发生五上时间,每次打电话母亲还当搪塞不让爸爸搭电话。见我们半夜抵母亲满是歉意和同情的说:本来不思从给你们,但医生说只要做好最后准备,母亲问尽多还有多长时间?医生看在外部看似若无其事的母亲一样体面愕然:“你也挺想得开啊!可能时时,最多吗即两三龙。有没有回去的儿女尽快回去见相同当,临了临了转移为没有人留遗憾。”那一刻妈妈说得深是自在,但自掌握,是缘于它心的精锐,而非无畏。但正是,在先生的不屑努力和我们的细心陪护下,出院后底大人一切正常。

    文化差异(Cultural)

   
其实,只有这些用心编织看似漫不经心的让你放心的弥天大谎之人,才是真好你的口。不管他们是否唠叨,是否沉默,都求善待他们,关心他们。

        modesty in Chinese, confidence in Englisth


        delivery menas how much the readers can understand you

‌                                                       ◎ 关于友情

        Chinese believe that it's the responsibility of the readers,
however, the "responsibility of delivery" is usually on the writer's
side.

   
再也多说,时下特别流行的“友谊的小船说翻译就翻”已敷直观、形象及活泼了。若欺骗,请参考,三思而后行。否则,很容易“覆水难收场”。因为不论哪的情谊,都发出这般的特质:坚硬无比,但韧性不足。勿试。

    语言差异: 直接翻一般是怪的(Language: Direction transloations
often do not work)


        博士后流动站 Postdoctoral program rather than post-doctor mobile
station

                                            ◎ 关于我们

        抓紧时间完成 make every effort to finish rather than take my
time to finish

   
口说“要谢谢下你的人口,因为至少,你还有为应用的值”,换到骗子说里吗一致适用。是的,我们若谢谢“骗子”,因为爱心的哄,实际是缘于真爱;而那些不怀好意的骗,除了能叫您看清恶人之真面目外,你若明了更主要之事——正是你的疏忽和纵容,给了骗子会。骗而,是您允许的。所以,遇到骗子,请不要再次作无辜和委屈。这年头,清纯用到女的丰富相及,无疑会招人好,而之所以到想里,则决定是灾祸。

        第一教学楼 Lecture Hall One or Lecure Building One rather than
No.1 teaching building

    ‌这个世界傻子太多,骗子明确不够用了。
所以经常,我们用充满戒备的存在。但就满世界都是骗子,也呼吁你相信,总会有同君并肩,用心取暖的可信之口。

        投诉电话 phone number for complaining rather than law suit phone
number

客观的牵线事实,理论,证明,实验,测试(Present facts, theories,
proof, experiments, testing objectively)

    avoid unnecessary political, religious, emotional, comments   

    avoid bias and discrimination related to race, gender, age, etc.

    sensitive to the comments possibly explained as against the current
social ethnics( 伦理 ) and convention

 

1.2 论文的情节(Content of A Research Paper)

标题(Title) 

    Best representation of the paper: contributions and unique features
and so on 

    不要为此词,不要就此动词(Generally not a sentence, we don't have to
use verb)

    Importance of right word order    

    不要用多余的词 No waste of words. ( we don't have to say study on
sth, investigation on sth, because every scientific paper is study on
sth )

摘要(Abstract)

    Summary in a few hundreds of words

    Very important to attract readers

介绍(Introduction)

    Motivations and problem descriptions 

    Academic and/or industrial impact of the problem

    Literature reviews( 文献综述 )

        Show the state of art(目前之技巧现状)

        Cite references available to general public

        Avoid offensive remarks

        Use the most recent results

        Do ont cite too many "home-made" references

    Summary of the major contributions of the paper

    Organization of the paper( optional )

**问题讲述和构想Problem Descriptions or Formulation )**

    可能带有系统布局与实验环境等等(System configuration, environment,
etc)    

    所有变量,符号等等对应的号子的定义(Definations of all notation for
variables, symbols, etc)    

    数学模型和公式化(Mathematical models and formulations)

方法(Methodology: make readers understand what are the contributions
of the paper )

    解决问题的机要思路(Main ideas to solve the problem )

    解决问题之规律和冲(Theorems and proofs )

    方法要算法的讲述(Descriptions of the approach or algorithm  )

    表现分析(Performance analysis if you have )

    独有的特色(Unique features of the method) 

动,实验抑或测试得到的结果(Results of applications, experiment or
testing)

    实验环境之叙述(Description of the practical or experiment
system)

    数据与有关网的讲述(Description of the data and the associated
system)

    计算体系的描述(Description of the computer system)

    结果的亮(Presentation of the results: tables, figures, etc)

    成果运用以及有利于之处在(Applications and benefits)

结论(Conclusion)

    Summary of your findings ( not a repeat of abstract )

    Concluding remarks ( what can we conclude based on the findings and
results we get )

感谢(Acknowledgment)

    感谢提供经费之赞助方(Acknowledge funding agencies)

    感谢个人(Thank individuals )

参考文献(Reference)

    List references in appropriate format
(要吻合期刊的渴求,比如笔者名字的写法,看是期刊之前发表之舆论; Sometimes
we think that format is not important but actually here it is very
important )

    Have recent reference if possible (the readers may wonder what are
the most recent developments of problem )

    Give complete information (
给起丰富的音信,如果作者有五个,列有所有,不要光排第一作者et al. )

    List appropriate numbers of references
(列出适当数量之references,比如您的舆论就生6页,却排有了3页的reference)

    Do not list anything that is not referred to

    Do not list too many home made references 不要列太多和气之舆论

 

1.3 投稿论文的过程(The Procedure to Submit A paper)

Submit abstract ( required only some conferences )

Submit manuscript    

Modify based on reviewers' comments ( possibly several rounds
可能使来回几个回合)

Submit final electronic copy

Proof reading( 校对 )

    After publisher decied to publish, they sent you your proof (
清样,校样)

    For 48 hours to check your proof, do the proof reading( 校对 ), and
return it promptly( 迅速地 )

 建议(Advices )

    A large number of papers from Chinese authors are rejected simply
because the papers are not well written. 

    A strong basis for rejecting a paper: " the paper is poorly written;
there are many spelling and grammatical errors. I have to guess what the
authors mean, and therefore it is difficult to judge the contribution of
the paper."

    不要直译 Avoid direct translation

    Write simple sentences with present tense( 现在时 )

    Use spelling(拼写) check to make sure that all words spelled
correctly

    检查语法(Use grammar check to find out inconsistency)

    Pay particular attention to the spellings of the names in
references( if it's wrong, the reviewer may think you are sloppy 草率的
of the author )

    全文保持各种一致 Professionalism in writing( keep consistency in
presentation throughout )

        格式一致 consistency in format: font size, space, paragraph, etc

        标点一致 consistency in punctuations

        方程式的格式一致 consistency in equations

        参考文献的格式一致 consistency in references

        ...

    不要太多之符号和方程式 Balance in using mathematical symbols and
equations -> only serve as shorthand( do not use too many equations )

 

1.4 评审的过程以及死灰复燃(Review Process and Response)

评审过程(Reviewing Procedure)

    Anonymous peer review system( 匿名的核对系统 )

    Frank( 坦白的 ), brutal( 残忍的 ), sarcastic( 讥讽的 ), or even
occasionally wrong criticisms 

   
被要求修改甚至拒绝不意味什么,评审就是这么,请保持良好的心思(Request
for revision or even rejection doesn't mean personal attack, "losing
face" or "discrimination". That's the style of this scientific paper
review process. )

    你可会吸纳批判性的眼光,这很正确,不要奇怪(If you receive a
critical comment on your manuscript, it is very normal and do not be
surprised)

有关如何恢复审稿人的建议(Advice in Responding to Reviewers)

    仔细检查各一个评审意见(Examine carefully all the comments made
by the reviewers and by the Associate Editor)

    搞明白怎么是要修改的,哪些是意在而改改的(Differentiate those
comments that must be fullly addressed from those that are desirable to
be addressed 解决 .)

   
尽力修改得修改的一部分,在能力限制外斟酌一下希望修改的一些会无克改(Try
to fully address the former and discuss the latter within your
capability)

    回复审稿人之每一样长达意见(Respond to each and every point raised by
the reviewer / referee 审阅人,裁判员 )

    把问题以及恢复放在一起(If possible, respond side by side( 并排 ) with
the original points raised)

    If you must disagree with the reviewer on some point, do it
professionally with no rancor( 怨恨 ) or sarcasm( 讥讽 )

    A cover letter to the corresponding editor that you have responded
to each of the referees in detail and that your revised paper now
merits( 值得,长处) re-consideration and re-review

    对着各一样修意见回复并且认证您是何等修改的(Separate and detailed
point-by-point response to every one of the referee's comments and show
HOW YOU REVISE THE TEXT)

    不要单独说不修改(A long list of explanations to the reviewers but
no revision on the text is not acceptable)

    Never argue with reviewers and editor

    明白啊时该放弃(Know when to give up for a particular paper)

    没必要确认所有的理念(You don't have to agree everything, If you
think this comment is wrong, say in the revised version, this and this
are more clarified. We clarify that this is ...We clarify means you may
sound like doing that because we didn't present it very clearly. )

 

1.5 总结(Summary)

描绘论文很重大(Writing papers in English is extremely important for
Chinese scholars to play a role in world arena 舞台,竞技场 )

懂文化差异很重点(Understanding cultural difference in presentation is
crucial.)

行是检查真理的唯一标准(Practice is the only way to achieve the above
goal.)

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